What are the rules for shot put?
According to the internationally applicable athletics rules, the shot (a heavy spherical ball) is pushed from a concrete throwing circle with a diameter of 2.135 metres. This circle is bounded in the direction of impact by a curved, white, usually wooden toe board. The solid metal ball should be completely round. The diameter of the ball is at least 110 mm for men and at most 130 mm for a mass of 7,260 kilograms. For the ladies it is 95-110 mm and 4 kg.
While pushing the ball, the boundary of the ring and the striker may not be exceeded, the toe board may only be touched on the inside. The ball may not be thrown, but it must be pushed from the neck as soon as it comes out of the shoulder. After the push, the thrower has to leave the ring at the back, only after the ball has landed. The ball must also land within the sector. If one of these points goes wrong, the throw is invalid and will not be measured.
As with javelin throwing and discus throwing, the projectile must come down within the sector lines. The sector within which the shot must land, is plotted from the centre of the ring. The boundary lines make an angle of 34.92 degrees. The distance of the push is measured between the closest impression of the ball (the ‘0-point’) and the inside of the toe board. The number of attempts depends on the competition, usually each participant is allowed to push three times and the best eight participants can push three more times.
What materials do I need to be able to practise shot put?
In order to be able to practice the sport of shot put, you first need a protective cage for shot put, discus throwing or hammer throwing. In order to use it at competition level, it must meet the requirements of the World Athletics and the Athletics Union. A shot put facility consists of a throwing circle, toe board and a throwing sector.
What is the diameter of a throwing circle for shot put?
According to the internationally applicable athletics rules, the shot is pushed from a concrete circle with a diameter of 2.135 metres. This circle is bounded in the direction of the impact by a curved, white toe board.
A number of materials are required to furnish a shot put sector. As a supplier of equipment for all athletics disciplines, we have played a role in the design of dozens of athletics tracks. An important part of an athletics track is the throwing sector for the shot put. Setting up an athletics track requires great precision. After all, it is essential that the requirements and guidelines from World Athletics and the Athletics Union are met. All our bullet throwing equipment is supplied with IAAf certificates and can therefore be used during (international) competitions. If required, our permanent assembly partner can also play a role in the professional assembly of the bullet punch materials.